Types and types of brakes

Types and types of brakes

Most brakes convert the kinetic energy into heat by using friction on both sides of the wheel. Regenerative braking, for example, converts a large amount of energy into electrical energy that can be stored and used later. Eddy current brakes convert kinetic energy to electrical currents in the brake disc or blade.

Here are some of the most common types of modern vehicles. Knowing which one fits your car is important for troubleshooting.

Hydraulic brake system:

The system is powered by brake fluid, friction, and cylinders. Glycol ethers and diethylene glycol create pressure inside the brake pads, which forces them to stop moving.

The hydraulic brake system generates a higher force than the mechanical brake system.

The hydraulic braking system is one of the most important brake systems in modern vehicles.

* The hydraulic brake system has a very low chance of failure. There is a very low chance of brake failure due to the direct connection between the actuator and the brake disc or brake drum.

System of electromagnetic braking:

Many modern and hybrid cars have electromagnetic braking systems. Electromagnetism is used to create frictionless braking by the electromagnetic braking system. The brakes will last longer and be more reliable. The quick magnetic brakes are also a great alternative to traditional braking systems that can slip. This technology is used in hybrids because it does not require lubrication or friction. It is also quite small compared to traditional brake systems. Most commonly, it is used on trams and trains.

For electromagnetic brakes to work, we need to pass a magnetic field in a perpendicular direction to the rotating wheel. This will cause a rapid current to flow in the opposite direction. The wheel is slowed down by the opposing force created.

Benefits of electromagnetic brake system:

The electromagnetic brake is a fast and inexpensive way to stop.

There are no additional costs associated with electromagnetic brakes, such as replacing brake shoes on a regular basis.

* The system’s capacity (such as higher speeds and heavy loads) can improve by using electromagnetic brakes.

The running costs are reduced as a result of delivering a part of the energy to the supply.

* The heat generated by electromagnetic braking is negligible, while the heat produced by mechanical braking is enormous at brake shoes and can lead to brake failure.

Servo Braking System:

Also called vacuum-assisted brakes. This system increases the pressure that the driver applies to the brake pedal.

The vacuum is created by the air intake in the intake pipe of petrol engines or by a vacuum pump in diesel engines.

Power assistance brakes reduce human effort. Engine vacuum is used in cars to operate a control cylinder by causing a large diaphragm to flex.

* Servo brake boosters for hydraulic brake systems. Practically, the size of the wheels and the cylinders are used. The brake force is increased by vacuum boosters.

* Pressing the brake pedal will release the vacuum from the side of the booster. The diaphragm is pushed by the difference in air pressure.

Mechanical brake system:

The mechanical brake system is what powers the emergency or hand brake. The brake system is a mechanical brake in which the force of the brake pedal is transmitted to the disc or drum brake by various mechanical links such as cylindrical rods. To stop the vehicle.

Several old automobiles used mechanical brakes, but today they are outdated due to their lack of effectiveness.



A disc brake is used to slow down or stop the rotation of wheels. A disc brake can be made from cast iron or composites, such as ceramic matrix composites, carbon-carbon composites, etc. The disc brake is attached to the wheel or axle. Brake pads, which are friction materials, are used to stop the wheel by pressing them against the disc. The friction on the disc wheel slows or stops.


Drum brakes are a type of traditional brake in which friction is created by a set of shoes that press on a rotating drum-shaped component called a brake disc.

Drum brakes are brakes where shoes press against the inner surface. The drum can be pinched between the shoes of a disk brake, but these brakes are rare.

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